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YPSILANTI STATE HOSPITAL-"FIRST TREATMENT CENTER"

 

Mutual Aid Organization-for Alcoholics

There are many myths and urban legends about the treatment center that help start AA in the metro-Detroit area. We hope this clears up many views.

Ypsilanti State Hospital-1939
The On June 16, 1930 construction for the hospital had begun. Albert Kahn was the architect that had designed the building. Kahn had his own design firm in Detroit, Michigan. The hospital was opened a year after construction had begun. Over the course of the first year the hospital had admitted 922 patients. At the end of World War II the Ypsilanti State Hospital had built two new wards with over 4,000 patients. After adding the two wards, this still brought the hospital over capacity.

During 1937-1940 periods, Ypsilanti State Hospital had a large intake of men with the disease of alcoholism. At that time we were still debating whether to put alcoholics into jail/prison or insane asylums.

Slant Magazine

In 1936 through the 1940s these alcoholics published their own newsletter, called, "Ypsi Slants." This publication would give information of what was going on in their little community. Dr Bob would get most of the alcoholic cases rather than Bill W. for two reasons, he was based at home without much traveling and he was a medical doctor. Dr. Bob had done his early studies at the University of Michigan, so he was familiar with the lay of the land; therefore he would sent Ypsilanti State Hospital some real tough cases he felt weren’t safe to be around his family because of physical outbursts.

Slant Article about Detroit
The hospital’s monthly publication, the Slant written by the patients, states, “Mutual Aid Organization plans close co-operation with Alcoholics Anonymous, a rather similar organization now coming into national prominence, and with recovery, the association of former patients of the Psychiatric Institute in Illinois. There is a fellowship of Alcoholics An­onymous in Detroit.”

In the June 22, 1940 Detroit News, it reports the great work of a Dr. O.R. Yoder working with alcoholics, that were working with each other. He would urge them to get involved with a new organization over in Detroit that was helping alcoholics, they were called Alcoholics Anonymous.

Detroit News Article

Report On The Hospital
One of the cases that Dr. Bob sent to Ypsilanti was Roy M., who was Archie T’s first Twelfth Step experience. Roy was such a chronic alcoholic; he made many attempts, but finally succumbing to the disease in late 1940s.

Archie T., with the urging of Sarah K. would do open talks at Ypsilanti State Hospital and would eventually bring Roy to “Detroit Meetings.”

Copyrighted Bill T., Archivist, Area 33, Southeast Michigan; Mary L., researcher
The Ypsi Slants, Ypsilanti monthly publication, December, 1939
Detroit News
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